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Abstract
Deforestation is widely studied throughout the world. However, a less evident issue is the effect of climate change and drought on remnants of native forests. The objective of this work was to understand the geographic variations in resistance to drought of the Mediterranean sclerophyllous forests of central Chile. These forests have been historically reduced and fragmented and in recent years were subjected to the most prolonged drought occurred between [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorMiranda, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorLara, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorAltamirano, Adison
dc.contributor.authorDi Bella, Carlos Marcelo
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, Mauro E.
dc.contributor.authorCamarero, Jesus Julio
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-27T17:29:44Z
dc.date.available2020-08-27T17:29:44Z
dc.date.issued2020-08
dc.identifier.issn1470-160X
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106401
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/7779
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1470160X20303381
dc.description.abstractDeforestation is widely studied throughout the world. However, a less evident issue is the effect of climate change and drought on remnants of native forests. The objective of this work was to understand the geographic variations in resistance to drought of the Mediterranean sclerophyllous forests of central Chile. These forests have been historically reduced and fragmented and in recent years were subjected to the most prolonged drought occurred between 2010 and 2017. Using data from the MODIS satellite sensor, temporal trends in the NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) were quantified. We related these trends with different environmental variables to understand the effects of geographical variation and forest type as indicators of resistance to drought. We observed a significant direct effect of drought, attributable to the reduced precipitation in central Chile, and a significantly reduced NDVI in near one-third of the region forests (browning). However, NDVI and therefore forest productivity were more stable in some mesic sites such as ravine bottoms, but not on south-facing slopes. This suggests that under a regime of reduced precipitations, a greater available soil humidity would be a more important factor than the fact of receiving less solar radiation. Finally, the highest degree of browning was observed in semi-arid sclerophyllous forest dominated by species tolerant to drought. Our findings emphasize the need to consider topographic site conditions to adequately assess forest productivity and vulnerability where local wet conditions could provide drought refuges. This recent drought may be analogous to forecasted warmer and drier climate conditions with more frequent and severe droughts, so our results may serve as a general framework for climate-smart decisions in highly threatened forest restoration and conservation.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherElsevieres_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceEcological Indicators 115 : 10640 (August 2020)es_AR
dc.subjectCambio Climáticoes_AR
dc.subjectClimate Changeeng
dc.subjectSequíaes_AR
dc.subjectDroughteng
dc.subjectBosqueses_AR
dc.subjectForestseng
dc.subjectResilienciaes_AR
dc.subjectResilienceeng
dc.subjectTeledetecciónes_AR
dc.subjectRemote Sensingeng
dc.subjectAmérica del Sures_AR
dc.subjectSouth Americaeng
dc.titleForest browning trends in response to drought in a highly threatened mediterranean landscape of South Americaes_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenInstituto de Clima y Aguaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Miranda, Alejandro. Universidad de La Frontera. Departamento de Ciencias Forestales. Laboratorio de Ecología del Paisaje y Conservación; Chile. Universidad Austral de Chile. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y Recursos Naturales. Escuela de Graduados; Chile. Universidad de Chile. Center for Climate and Resilience Research; Chilees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Lara, Antonio. Universidad de Chile. Center for Climate and Resilience Research; Chile. Universidad Austral de Chile. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y Recursos Naturales. Instituto de Conservación, Biodiversidad y Territorio; Chilees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Altamirano, Adison Universidad de La Frontera. Departamento de Ciencias Forestales. Laboratorio de Ecología del Paisaje y Conservación; Chile. Universidad de La Frontera. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias y Forestales. Butamallin Research Center for Global Change; Chilees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Di Bella, Carlos Marcelo. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Clima y Agua; Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos y Sistemas de Información; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: González, Mauro E. Universidad de Chile. Center for Climate and Resilience Research; Chile. Universidad Austral de Chile. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales y Recursos Naturales. Instituto de Conservación, Biodiversidad y Territorio; Chilees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Camarero, Jesus Julio. CSIC. Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología; Españaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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