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Abstract
Wheat/soybean double crop provides a reliable platform for cropping intensification in many subtropical and temperate areas, even in those with a short growing season as the South-eastern Pampas of Argentina. However, the long-term impact of double cropping as part of feasible cropping sequences on resource productivity and the whole sequence performance is unknown. We propose that cropping intensification, based on wheat/soybean double cropping would (i) [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorCaviglia, Octavio
dc.contributor.authorSadras, Victor Oscar
dc.contributor.authorAndrade, Fernando Hector
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-03T13:00:08Z
dc.date.available2018-10-03T13:00:08Z
dc.date.issued2013-08
dc.identifier.issn0378-4290
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2013.05.003
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/3548
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378429013001755?via%3Dihub
dc.description.abstractWheat/soybean double crop provides a reliable platform for cropping intensification in many subtropical and temperate areas, even in those with a short growing season as the South-eastern Pampas of Argentina. However, the long-term impact of double cropping as part of feasible cropping sequences on resource productivity and the whole sequence performance is unknown. We propose that cropping intensification, based on wheat/soybean double cropping would (i) improve the annual water and radiation capture and productivity, and (ii) reduce unproductive water losses estimated on an annual basis. We tested these hypotheses through long term simulations (30 years), using DSSAT models locally calibrated and tested for wheat (W) (Triticum aestivum L.), soybean (S) (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) and maize (M) (Zea mays L.). Intensification was quantified with the index ISI = number of crops in rotation/duration of rotation. Pairs of sequences with similar crop composition but different degree of intensification were compared, i.e. W–S (ISI = 1 yr−1) vs W/S double crop (ISI = 2 yr−1), W–S–M (ISI = 1 yr−1) vs W/S–M (ISI = 1.5 yr−1) and W–S–M–S (ISI = 1 yr−1) vs W/S–M–S (ISI = 1.33 yr−1). The study also included feasible or traditional rotations of our region. The increase in intensification improved annual resource capture and therefore water and radiation productivity. Proportion of maize in sequences, irrespective of ISI, additionally increased resource productivity by increasing both water use efficiency (WUE) and radiation use efficiency (RUE). Across sequences, WUE and RUE were strongly associated. This correlation was involved in the link between water and radiation productivity. The increase in water productivity was related (P < 0.0001) to a reduction in water loss, mainly accounted by runoff. In the long term, sequences with high intensification (ISI ≥ 1.5 yr−1) had as high stability and productivity as traditional sequences of our region, based on wheat-summer crop with ISI = 1 yr−1. Overall, wheat conferred stability to the sequences whereas maize conferred productivity. Our study, accounting for the ability of whole cropping systems to capture resources on an annual basis, gives new tools to develop more efficient and sustainable cropping sequences.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevieres_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesseng
dc.sourceField crops research 149 : 300-311. (1 August 2013)eng
dc.subjectIntensificaciónes_AR
dc.subjectIntensificationeng
dc.subjectExplotación Agrícola Intensivaes_AR
dc.subjectIntensive Farmingeng
dc.subjectDouble Croppingeng
dc.subjectCultivo Doblees_AR
dc.subjectWater Use Efficiencyeng
dc.subjectEficacia en el Uso del Aguaes_AR
dc.subjectSoybeanseng
dc.subjectSojaes_AR
dc.subjectWheateng
dc.subjectTrigoes_AR
dc.subjectMaízes_AR
dc.subjectMaizeeng
dc.titleModelling long-term effects of cropping intensification reveals increased water and radiation productivity in the South-eastern Pampaseng
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleeng
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersioneng
dc.description.origenEEA Paranáes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Caviglia, Octavio. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná. Grupo Ecología Forestal; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Sadras, Victor Oscar. University of Adelaide. South Australian Research and Development Institute; Australiaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Andrade, Fernando Hector. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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