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Abstract
After the introduction of Bt-maize, late sowing is becoming an important strategy to stabilize yields in many areas of the Argentine Pampas. Increased nitrogen (N) availability and sharp reduction in radiation and temperature during grain filling period are dominant features of late-sown maize. Deployment of late sowing therefore requires a better understanding of the nitrogen economy of the crop in a deteriorating photothermal environment. Our aims were [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorCaviglia, Octavio
dc.contributor.authorMelchiori, Ricardo Jose
dc.contributor.authorSadras, Victor Oscar
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-28T13:24:04Z
dc.date.available2018-09-28T13:24:04Z
dc.date.issued2014-11
dc.identifier.issn0378-4290
dc.identifier.issn1872-6852
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2014.08.005
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378429014002305
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/3503
dc.description.abstractAfter the introduction of Bt-maize, late sowing is becoming an important strategy to stabilize yields in many areas of the Argentine Pampas. Increased nitrogen (N) availability and sharp reduction in radiation and temperature during grain filling period are dominant features of late-sown maize. Deployment of late sowing therefore requires a better understanding of the nitrogen economy of the crop in a deteriorating photothermal environment. Our aims were to: (i) evaluate the effect of late sowing on the components of maize nitrogen utilization efficiency, i.e. grain yield per unit of N uptake, (ii) assess the interactions among sowing date, hybrid and N rate on N economy, (iii) study the links between biomass and N accumulation and partitioning involved in nitrogen utilization efficiency in late sown maize. Two irrigated experiments were conducted in Paraná, Argentina (−31°50; −60°31; 110 m.a.s.l) during two consecutive seasons. Treatments included the factorial combination of two hybrids with low (DK752MG) and high (DK682MG) harvest index (HI), two rates of N fertilization (0 and 200 kg N ha−1) and two contrasting sowing dates (September and December). Grain yield, shoot biomass, N concentration in grain, stover and biomass were measured. From these measurements we calculated N uptake, N accumulated in stover and grain and, N utilization efficiency for yield (NutEY) and biomass (NutEB) production as the ratio between yield or biomass and N uptake. A nitrogen nutrition index (NNI) was calculated to compare treatments at a similar N status. Late sowing increased soil N availability, hence reducing the response to N fertilization in comparison to traditional sowing, i.e. there were significant interactions between sowing date and N rate for most traits. The NNI accounting for the allometry of nitrogen and biomass proved to be an effective procedure in interpreting these interactions. The increase in N status reduced the NutEB, although at an equivalent NNI it was higher in traditional than in late sowing, which reflects the lower crop ability to use nitrogen in producing biomass when constrained by late growth. The hybrid DK682MG, showed more ability than DK752MG to allocate both biomass and N to grain in late sowing, as reflected by the higher HI and NHI as well as the lower amount of N accumulated in stover. Overall, our results support adaptive practices for late-sown maize in the Northern Pampas, including the use of hybrids with high partitioning of N and biomass to grain as well as the use of more conservative N fertilizer rates.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceField Crops Research 168 : 27-37 (November 2014)es_AR
dc.subjectMaízes_AR
dc.subjectMaizeeng
dc.subjectSiembraes_AR
dc.subjectSowingeng
dc.subjectNitrógenoes_AR
dc.subjectNitrogeneng
dc.subjectFecha de Siembraes_AR
dc.subjectSowing Dateeng
dc.subjectIndice de Cosechaes_AR
dc.subjectHarvest Indexeng
dc.subject.otherSiembra Tardíaes_AR
dc.titleNitrogen utilization efficiency in maize as affected by hybrid and N rate in late-sown cropses_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Paranáes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Caviglia, Octavio. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Entre Ríos. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Melchiori, Ricardo Jose. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Sadras, Victor Oscar. South Australian Research & Development Institute; Australiaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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