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Abstract
In the context of social responsibility and, of the directives aimed at an integral management of natural resources, the Water Footprint (WF) has been widely spread as an indicator that contributes to a safe and sustainable use of water. The purpose of this study was to determine the WF for rice production (WFR) in two rice-growing areas in Argentina: central-east Entre Ríos and Santa Fe. The calculation was made using the methodology proposed in The [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorMarano, Roberto P.
dc.contributor.authorFilippi, Rocio
dc.coverage.spatialSanta Fe (province)
dc.coverage.spatialArgentina (nation)
dc.coverage.spatialEntre Ríos (province)
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-18T13:20:03Z
dc.date.available2018-09-18T13:20:03Z
dc.date.issued2015-09
dc.identifier.issn1470-160X
dc.identifier.otherhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.03.027
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/3384
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X1500151X?via%3Dihub
dc.description.abstractIn the context of social responsibility and, of the directives aimed at an integral management of natural resources, the Water Footprint (WF) has been widely spread as an indicator that contributes to a safe and sustainable use of water. The purpose of this study was to determine the WF for rice production (WFR) in two rice-growing areas in Argentina: central-east Entre Ríos and Santa Fe. The calculation was made using the methodology proposed in The Water Footprint Assessment Manual, according to which the WF of a crop, in this case rice, represents the relation between the amount of water satisfying the evapotranspiration demand (CWU) and the field productivity. The WF has three components: green (WFgreen), associated with rain used by the crop (CWUgreen); blue (WFblue), related to underground or surface water that fulfils the evapotranspiration demand (CWUblue); and grey (WFgrey), related to the volume of water required to dilute the residues of pollutants generated from the crop production. To estimate the CWUblue and CWUgreen, a rice water balance model (RWM), specifically developed for continuous flooding irrigation, was applied. Based on daily data of precipitation, crop evapotranspiration and soil variables the model allows calculating gross irrigation depth, surface runoff due to precipitations, variation of water stored in the soil, and deep percolation. Four agricultural seasons were assessed: 2009/2010, 2010/2011, 2011/2012, and 2012/2013. In Entre Ríos, WF was 987 m3 ton−1 (44% WFgreen and 56% WFblue), whereas in Santa Fe it was 846 m3 ton−1 (36% WFgreen and 64% WFblue). In accordance with related work in the region, WFgrey was not considered. Although only CWU is part of the WF calculation, the other components of the water balance are necessary for rice production. The RWM model determined the consumptive use of the crop and distinguished blue water from green water, besides calculating the other parameters of the water balance. This made possible to show the inefficiencies in the system since precipitations are not fully used. The WFR, together with these components, is useful to make comparisons between different regions and it is a tool to promote water saving, provided that it is complemented with specific policies, such as the differential application of irrigation taxes or electric power rates.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesseng
dc.sourceEcological indicators 56 : 229-236. (September 2015)eng
dc.subjectArrozes_AR
dc.subjectRiceeng
dc.subjectOryza Sativaes_AR
dc.subjectWater Balanceeng
dc.subjectBalance Hídricoes_AR
dc.subjectFloodingeng
dc.subjectInundaciónes_AR
dc.subject.otherWater Policieseng
dc.subject.otherVirtual Watereng
dc.subject.otherSanta Fees_AR
dc.subject.otherEntre Ríoses_AR
dc.titleWater Footprint in paddy rice systems. Its determination in theprovinces of Santa Fe and Entre Ríos, Argentinaeng
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleeng
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersioneng
dc.description.origenEEA Paranáes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Marano, Roberto P. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Filippi, Rocio. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Paraná; Argentina. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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