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Abstract
Garlic came to Argentina mainly with the European immigration during the past century. Among the group sativum populations entered the most important were those brought by Italian and Spanish. Although accepted to belong to a same group those populations are clearly distinguishable in at least two major subgroups: the white type (“soft-neck”, creamy colored cloves) and the red type (“hard-neck”, cloves pinkish-striated to red). Both types are markedly [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorPortela, Jose Antonio
dc.contributor.authorLanzavechia, Silvina Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorBurba, Jose Luis
dc.contributor.authorLucero, C.
dc.contributor.authorOcañas, Ramon Orlando
dc.coverage.spatialMendoza .......... (province) (World, South America, Argentina)
dc.coverage.spatial1001427
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-01T17:45:25Z
dc.date.available2021-11-01T17:45:25Z
dc.date.issued2012-12
dc.identifier.isbn978-90-66056-95-4
dc.identifier.issn0567-7572
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.969.10
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/10641
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.ishs.org/ishs-article/969_10
dc.descriptionPresentado al VI International Symposium on Edible Alliaceaees_AR
dc.description.abstractGarlic came to Argentina mainly with the European immigration during the past century. Among the group sativum populations entered the most important were those brought by Italian and Spanish. Although accepted to belong to a same group those populations are clearly distinguishable in at least two major subgroups: the white type (“soft-neck”, creamy colored cloves) and the red type (“hard-neck”, cloves pinkish-striated to red). Both types are markedly different in many morphological and physiological traits; despite in other physiological subjects they are quite similar. Since 1989, the Garlic Project of INTA (The National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Argentina) has obtained and registered sixteen clonal cultivars so far, most of them of the group sativum, only exploiting the natural variability present in their original populations. Yield potential is the main characteristic searched to differentiate cultivars, although they also show important differences in earliness and some functional traits (i.e., organosulfur and fructans contents). In a 3-year survey of ten high yielding clonal cultivars at La Consulta (Mendoza, Argentina; 33.70 S, 69.7 W, 950 meters above sea level), yield per plant (mean bulb weight) ranged from 73.37 g to 105.64 g among white-type clones and from 57.48 g to 95.30 g among red-type clones. Differences were statistically significant among most of the cultivars, whereas the main effect of clones accounted for 54% and 41% of the squared sum of the model in the white and red type respectively. Furthermore, a yield index which integrates bulb weight, plants survival at harvest and main attributes of bulb quality, showed a high clone-year interaction in the white type (48% of the squared sum), while in the red type the clone-year interaction was slightly important (18% of the squared sum). It is remarkable the vast natural variability existent in Mendoza, Argentina, within the group sativum.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherInternational Society for Horticultural Sciencees_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceActa Horticulturae 969 : 97-102. (2012)es_AR
dc.subjectAjoes_AR
dc.subjectGarliceng
dc.subjectCloneseng
dc.subjectGenéticaes_AR
dc.subjectGeneticseng
dc.subjectVariación Genéticaes_AR
dc.subjectGenetic Variationeng
dc.subjectEcofisiologíaes_AR
dc.subjectEcophysiologyeng
dc.subjectRendimientoes_AR
dc.subjectYieldseng
dc.subject.otherMendoza, Argentinaes_AR
dc.titleVariability of Allium sativum group sativum clones in Mendoza, Argentinaes_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA La Consultaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Portela, Jose Antonio. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria La Consulta; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Lanzavechia, Silvina Beatriz. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria La Consulta; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Burba, Jose Luis. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria La Consulta; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Lucero, C. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria La Consulta; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Ocañas, Ramon Orlando. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria La Consulta; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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