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Abstract
Biodiversity is linked to ecosystem functions and is highly relevant to NCP across the ecologically diverse and species-rich Americas. All units of analysis of the Americas considered contribute to human well-being. However, Tropical and subtropical moist forests, Temperate and boreal forests and woodlands, Tropical and subtropical dry forests, Mediterranean forests, woodlands and scrub, and Tundra and high elevation habitats stand out as particularly [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorCavender-Bares, Jeannine
dc.contributor.authorArroyo, Mary T.K.
dc.contributor.authorAbell, Robin
dc.contributor.authorAckerly, David
dc.contributor.authorAckerman, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorArim, Matias.
dc.contributor.authorBelnap, Jayne
dc.contributor.authorCastañeda Moya, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorDee, Laura E.
dc.contributor.authorEstrada-Carmona, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorGobin, Judith
dc.contributor.authorIsbell, Forest
dc.contributor.authorKöhler, Gunther
dc.contributor.authorKoops, Marten
dc.contributor.authorKraft, Nathan
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Garza, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorMetzger, Jean-Paul
dc.contributor.authorMora, Arturo
dc.contributor.authorOatham, Michael
dc.contributor.authorPaglia, Adriano
dc.contributor.authorPedrana, Julieta
dc.contributor.authorPeri, Pablo Luis
dc.contributor.authorPiñeiro, Gervasio
dc.contributor.authorRandall, Robert
dc.contributor.authorWeis, Judith
dc.contributor.authorWalker Robbins, Wren
dc.contributor.authorZiller, Silvia Renate
dc.contributor.editorBalvanera, Patricia
dc.contributor.editorCerezo, Alexis
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-03T11:30:35Z
dc.date.available2021-06-03T11:30:35Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationCAVENDER-BARES J.; ARROYO M.T.K.; ABELL R.; ACKERLY D.; ACKERMAN D.; ARIM M.; BELNAP J.; CASTAÑEDA MOYA F.; DEE L.; ESTRADA-CARMONA N.; GOBIN J.; ISBELL F.; KÖHLER G.; KOOPS M.; KRAFT N.; McFARLANE N.; MARTÍNEZ-GARZA C.; METZGER J.P.; MORA A.; OATHAM M.; PAGLIA A.; PEDRANA J.; PERI P.L.; PIÑEIRO G.; RANDALL R.; ROBBINS W.W.; WEIS J.; ZILLER S.R. (2018) Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s contributions to people. In: The IPBES Regional Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for the Americas. (Eds. Rice, J., Seixas, C. S., Zaccagnini, M. E., Bedoya-Gaitán, M., Valderrama N.), Chapter 3, pp. 171-293, Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), Bonn, Germany. ISBN: 978-3-947851-06-5.es_AR
dc.identifier.isbn978-3-947851-06-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/9486
dc.identifier.urihttps://ipbes.net/sites/default/files/2018_americas_full_report_book_v5_pages_0.pdf
dc.description.abstractBiodiversity is linked to ecosystem functions and is highly relevant to NCP across the ecologically diverse and species-rich Americas. All units of analysis of the Americas considered contribute to human well-being. However, Tropical and subtropical moist forests, Temperate and boreal forests and woodlands, Tropical and subtropical dry forests, Mediterranean forests, woodlands and scrub, and Tundra and high elevation habitats stand out as particularly critical for NCP delivery. For quatic systems, freshwater is considered somewhat more important for NCP than marine. Except in a limited number of cases, this chapter shows that the biodiversity in the Americas´ terrestrial biomes and freshwater and marine habitats continues to undergo serious erosion. The introduction and spread of alien species can be expected to continue causing direct and indirect impacts on human well-being and biodiversity. The subregions currently undergoing most dramatic land use change, considering their spatial extent, are South America and Mesoamerica, where conversion of vegetation to support pastures, agriculture and exotic plantation forestry is widespread. These changes are leading to major losses of habitat with concomitant population and species declines. In the marine and freshwater realms, the number of threatened species is high, and many fish species are over-exploited. Climate change has begun to affect the distribution of biodiversity, but to a greater degree in North America than South America for the moment. Increased fire frequency in several biomes constitutes a growing threat. Despite significant progress in developing protective measures for the land and in the sea, they are often insufficient. The greatest challenges to policymakers and decision makers will be to: arrest or slow habitat loss; encourage more ecologically-friendly management practices to ensure long-term food- and water-security; and promote alternative biodiversity-based economic activities that are less destructive than current activities. These are not new challenges. Progress necessarily implies a conscious, collective societal effort. Many lessons can be learned from indigenous peoples who have succeeded in living in harmony on the land.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherIntergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)es_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_AR
dc.sourceThe IPBES Regional Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for the Americas. (Eds. Rice, J., Seixas, C. S., Zaccagnini, M. E., Bedoya-Gaitán, M., Valderrama N.). Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), Bonn, Germany. Chapter 3, p. 171-293es_AR
dc.subjectBiodiversityeng
dc.subjectBiodiversidades_AR
dc.subjectEcosystemseng
dc.subjectEcosistemases_AR
dc.subjectPastureseng
dc.subjectPastizaleses_AR
dc.subjectForestseng
dc.subjectBosqueses_AR
dc.subjectDrylandseng
dc.subjectTierras de Secanoes_AR
dc.subjectMarine Ecosystemseng
dc.subjectEcosistemas Marinoses_AR
dc.subjectCarbon Cycleeng
dc.subjectCiclo de Carbonoes_AR
dc.subjectPlant Covereng
dc.subjectCubierta Vegetales_AR
dc.subjectBirdseng
dc.subjectAveses_AR
dc.subjectMammalseng
dc.subjectMamíferoses_AR
dc.subjectAnphibianseng
dc.subjectAnfibioses_AR
dc.subjectReptileseng
dc.subjectMolluscaeng
dc.subjectWetlandseng
dc.subjectTierras Húmedases_AR
dc.subjectConservationeng
dc.subjectConservaciónes_AR
dc.subjectAmericaseng
dc.subject.otherAnthropogenic Systemseng
dc.subject.otherSistemas Antropogénicoses_AR
dc.subject.otherHumedales
dc.titleStatus, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s contributions to peoplees_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/parte de libroes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/bookPartes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Santa Cruzes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Cavender-Bares, Jeannine. University of Minnesota; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Arroyo, Mary T. K. Universidad de Chile; Chile.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Abell, Robin. Conservation International; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Ackerly, David. University of California. Berkeley; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Ackerman, Daniel. University of Minnesota; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Arim, Matias. Universidad de la República de Uruguay; Uruguay.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Belnap, Jayne. U.S. Geological Survey; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Castañeda Moya, Francisco. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala; Guatemala.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Dee, Laura. University of Minnesota; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Estrada-Carmona, Natalia. CGIAR; Franciaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Gobin, Judith. University of West Indies, Trinidad y Tobago.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Isbell, Forest. University of Minnesota; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Köhler, Gunther. Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum Frankfurt; Alemaniaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Koops, Marten. Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Canadá.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Kraft, Nathan. University of California. Los Angeles; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Macfarlane, Nicholas. IUCN; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Martínez-Garza, Cristina. Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos; México.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Metzger, Jean-Paul. Universidade de São Paulo; Brasil.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Mora, Arturo. IUCN-SUR; Ecuador.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Oatham, Michael. University of West Indies; Trinidad y Tobago.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Paglia, Adriano. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Brasil.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Pedrana, Julieta. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria; Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Peri, Pablo Luis. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Santa Cruz; Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Peri, Pablo Luis. Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral; Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Peri, Pablo Luis. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Piñeiro, Gervasio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Randall, Robert. Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Canadá.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Weis, Judith. Rutgers University; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Walker Robbins, Wren. North Star AISES Alliance; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Ziller, Silvia Renate. Horus Institute; Brasil.es_AR
dc.subtypelibro


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