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Abstract
A poor understanding of the interactions between biophysical and social elements within rural mountainous landscapes can lead to suboptimal management and recommendations. The objective of this study was to contribute to more contextualized natural resource management in a rural landscape in the Ecuadorian Andes by (1) identifying biophysical patterns in soil properties, biodiversity, and C stocks that emerge from natural landscape pedogenic processes, [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorCaulfield, Mark E.
dc.contributor.authorFonte, Steven J.
dc.contributor.authorGroot, Jeroen C. J.
dc.contributor.authorVanek, Steven J.
dc.contributor.authorSherwood, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorOyarzun, Pedro
dc.contributor.authorBorja, Ross Mary
dc.contributor.authorDumble, Sam
dc.contributor.authorTittonell, Pablo Adrian
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-29T18:40:16Z
dc.date.available2020-06-29T18:40:16Z
dc.date.issued2020-04
dc.identifier.issn2150-8925
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3113
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/7486
dc.identifier.urihttps://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/ecs2.3113
dc.description.abstractA poor understanding of the interactions between biophysical and social elements within rural mountainous landscapes can lead to suboptimal management and recommendations. The objective of this study was to contribute to more contextualized natural resource management in a rural landscape in the Ecuadorian Andes by (1) identifying biophysical patterns in soil properties, biodiversity, and C stocks that emerge from natural landscape pedogenic processes, resulting from elevation-induced climate gradients, erosion and soil textural patterns, and (2) assessing farm management and land-use effects on and their interactions with these biophysical patterns. Our findings revealed that the climate and soil texture gradients within the landscape led to an exponential increase in SOC with elevation moderated by slope gradient, indicating significant erosion processes. Farmers adapted their farm management according to the observed environmental patterns creating three distinct management zones. Differentiated agricultural management in these zones and asymmetrical distribution of land-uses in turn were observed to significantly influence soil and agroecosystem properties. For example, available P was found to be significantly higher in the upper and middle agricultural management zones (24.0 and 28.7 mg/kg, respectively), where agricultural inputs were higher compared to the lower agricultural management zone (8.9 mg/kg, P < 0.001). Mixed hedgerows, on the other hand, displayed significantly higher Shannon index scores for ground vegetation (1.8) and soil macrofauna (2.0) compared to agricultural land-uses (1.0 and 1.7). Our results provide important insights into how agroecosystem patterns and land management co-developed through complex environment, management, and land-use interactions.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherWileyes_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_AR
dc.sourceEcosphere 11 (4) : Art: e03113 (Abril 2020)es_AR
dc.subjectManejo de Fincases_AR
dc.subjectFarm Managementeng
dc.subjectRecursos Naturaleses_AR
dc.subjectNatural Resourceseng
dc.subjectOrdenación de Recursos Naturaleses_AR
dc.subjectNatural Resources Managementeng
dc.subjectCarbono Orgánico del Sueloes_AR
dc.subjectSoil Organic Carboneng
dc.subject.otherSistemas Socioecológicoses_AR
dc.titleAgroecosystem patterns and land management co-develop through environment, management, and land-use interactionses_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEstación Experimental Agropecuaria Barilochees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Caulfield, Mark E. Wageningen University & Research. Farming Systems Ecology; Holandaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Fonte, Steven J. Colorado State University. Department of Soil and Crop Sciences; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Groot, Jeroen C. J. Wageningen University & Research. Farming Systems Ecology Group, Plant Sciences; Holandaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Vanek, Steven J. Colorado State University. Department of Soil and Crop Sciences; Estados Unidoses_AR
dc.description.filFil: Sherwood, Stephen. Wageningen University & Research. Knowledge Technology and Innovation; Holandaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Oyarzun, Pedro. Fundacion EkoRural; Ecuadores_AR
dc.description.filFil: Borja, Ross Mary. Fundacion EkoRural; Ecuadores_AR
dc.description.filFil: Dumble, Sam. Statistics for Sustainable Development; Inglaterraes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Tittonell, Pablo Adrian. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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