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Abstract
The agricultural system of the Humid Pampas consists of continuous cropping of soybean and maize under no tillage. This system may loose nitrogen (N) through leaching during the early and final stages of summer crops and during fallow. In this study (2005–2011) we evaluated the effect of fall–winter species (rescue grass, ryegrass, oats, barley, vetch, rape seed and forage radish) and a mixture of vetch and oats used as cover crops on water and N dynamics [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorRestovich, Silvina Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorAndriulo, Adrian Enrique
dc.contributor.authorPortela, Silvina Isabel
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-06T18:11:07Z
dc.date.available2020-05-06T18:11:07Z
dc.date.issued2012-03
dc.identifier.issn0378-4290
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2011.12.012
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/7200
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378429011004163
dc.description.abstractThe agricultural system of the Humid Pampas consists of continuous cropping of soybean and maize under no tillage. This system may loose nitrogen (N) through leaching during the early and final stages of summer crops and during fallow. In this study (2005–2011) we evaluated the effect of fall–winter species (rescue grass, ryegrass, oats, barley, vetch, rape seed and forage radish) and a mixture of vetch and oats used as cover crops on water and N dynamics and main crop yield. Above-ground biomass production and N uptake by cover crops ranged from 1.1 to 11.9 Mg ha−1 and from 17 to 223 kg N ha−1, respectively, depending on sowing and killing dates and on the preceding crop. At killing, soil nitrate content in treatments with cover crops was 50–90% lower than in the control, reducing spring N leaching risk. When preceding maize, cover crops were killed in winter or early spring and their low C/N ratio (12–38) favored N release through residue decomposition. Vetch and rape seed as predecessors of fertilized maize increased residual N by ≈50 kg NO3-N compared to the control, posing the risk of fall N leaching. When preceding soybean, cover crops were killed in spring and, although their C/N ratios were higher (13–85), crucifers and legumes increased soil nitrate content. Maize yield was related to soil N availability at sowing (control and legumes > crucifers > grasses) which was inversely related to the preceding cover crop C/N ratio at killing. In normal to high rainfall years there were no differences in soybean yield among treatments. Water use by cover crops did not affect the main crop production except during an exceptionally dry year. Best synchronicity between N release from cover crop residues and harvest crop demand was achieved with the oats–vetch mixture before maize and with grasses before soybean.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherElsevieres_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceField Crops Research 128 (14) : 62-70. ( March 2012)es_AR
dc.subjectMaízes_AR
dc.subjectMaizeeng
dc.subjectSojaes_AR
dc.subjectSoybeanseng
dc.subjectPlantas de Coberturaes_AR
dc.subjectCover Plantseng
dc.subjectCobertura de Sueloses_AR
dc.subjectLand Covereng
dc.subjectLixiviaciónes_AR
dc.subjectLixiviationeng
dc.subjectNitratoses_AR
dc.subjectNitrateseng
dc.subjectResiduoses_AR
dc.subjectResidueseng
dc.subjectAguaes_AR
dc.subjectWatereng
dc.subject.otherRegión Pampeana Húmedaes_AR
dc.subject.otherCultivos de Coberturaes_AR
dc.titleIntroduction of cover crops in a maize–soybean rotation of the Humid Pampas: Effect on nitrogen and water dynamicses_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Pergaminoes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Restovich, Silvina B. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Pergamino. Laboratorio de Suelos; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Andriulo, Adrián. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Pergamino. Departamento de Laboratorio de Suelo; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Portela, Silvina Isabel. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Pergamino. Laboratorio de Suelos; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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