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Abstract
An model of distribution of irradiance within hedgerows is shown to explain well the distribution of fruit size and oil concentration, and less so fruit density, within a range of super-high density (SHD) rectangular olive hedgerow structures of various combinations of row orientation and spacing. Results reveal that profiles of fruit size, oil concentration and fruit density of the orientation and spacing experiments are best explained by simulated mean [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorConnor, David J.
dc.contributor.authorGómez del Campo, María
dc.contributor.authorTrentacoste, Eduardo Rafael
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-22T12:11:54Z
dc.date.available2018-06-22T12:11:54Z
dc.date.issued2016-01-26
dc.identifier.issn0304-4238
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2015.11.009
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304423815302831
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/2671
dc.description.abstractAn model of distribution of irradiance within hedgerows is shown to explain well the distribution of fruit size and oil concentration, and less so fruit density, within a range of super-high density (SHD) rectangular olive hedgerow structures of various combinations of row orientation and spacing. Results reveal that profiles of fruit size, oil concentration and fruit density of the orientation and spacing experiments are best explained by simulated mean daily horizontal irradiance on the component foliage for the periods DOY (day of year) 150–180 and DOY 180–210, when fruit number is defined (i.e., flowering, fruit set and fruit drop). In all experiments, analyzed individually, relationships of fruit size and oil concentration were linear over the range of irradiance [8–50 mol photosynthetically active radiation (PAR)/m2] but fruit density was linear to a maximum density achieved around 27 mol PAR/m2 (40% of incident irradiance). When data from all experiments were normalized and pooled in single relationships, fruit size (R2 = 0.76; P < 0.001; n = 110) and oil concentration (R2 = 0.65; P < 0.001; n = 110) remained strongly linear while fruit density increased linearly (R2 = 0.31; P < 0.01; n = 80) to a maximum value at 28 mol/m2 (41% horizontally incident). The model was also used to estimate daily radiation interception by the hedgerows in order to calculate radiation-use efficiency (RUE) for oil production. The average annual RUE was 0.0269 ± 0.0018 g oil/mol PAR (0.1232 ± 0.0061 g/MJ PAR) with relatively little variation over the range of hedgerow orientation and spacing in which interception of incident irradiance varied 56–87%. The analyses reveal that the present model can assist design and analysis of performance of a wide range of olive hedgerow orchard structures and also the design and analysis of future experiments required to extend knowledge to a wider range of hedgerow structures and environments.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceScientia Horticulturae 198 : 12-20 (January 2016)es_AR
dc.subjectOlea Europaeaes_AR
dc.subjectRendimientoes_AR
dc.subjectYieldseng
dc.subjectPlantas para Cercas Vivases_AR
dc.subjectHedging Plantseng
dc.subjectOrientaciónes_AR
dc.subjectOrientationeng
dc.subjectEspaciamientoes_AR
dc.subjectSpacingeng
dc.titleRelationships between olive yield components and simulated irradiance within hedgerows of various row orientations and spacingses_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Junínes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Connor, David J. University of Melbourne. Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences; Australiaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Gómez del Campo, María. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Departamento de Producción Agraria; Españaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Trentacoste, Eduardo Rafael. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Departamento de Producción Agraria; España. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Junín; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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