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Abstract
To generate information on Central Asian camel fiber quality, fiber samples of 712 camels from Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were characterized. Fixed effects involved geographical location, animal age, sex, coat color and species. Camel species are Bactrians (Camelus bactrianus), dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) and crosses between both species, hereafter referred as hybrids. Fiber traits included clean fine fiber yield (CY), mean fine fiber diameter (MFD), [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorIñiguez, Luis
dc.contributor.authorMueller, Joaquin Pablo
dc.contributor.authorOmbayev, A.
dc.contributor.authorAryngaziyev, S.
dc.contributor.authorYusupov, S.
dc.contributor.authorIbragimov, A.
dc.contributor.authorSuleimenov, M.
dc.contributor.authorEl-Dine Hilali, M.
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-07T12:18:10Z
dc.date.available2017-11-07T12:18:10Z
dc.date.issued2014-03
dc.identifier.issn0921-4488
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2013.11.018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/1688
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921448813003878
dc.description.abstractTo generate information on Central Asian camel fiber quality, fiber samples of 712 camels from Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were characterized. Fixed effects involved geographical location, animal age, sex, coat color and species. Camel species are Bactrians (Camelus bactrianus), dromedaries (Camelus dromedarius) and crosses between both species, hereafter referred as hybrids. Fiber traits included clean fine fiber yield (CY), mean fine fiber diameter (MFD), mean fine fiber diameter coefficient of variation (MFD CV), fine fiber curvature (Curv) and fine fiber staple length (SL). The arithmetic averages of CY, MFD, MFD CV, Curv and SL were respectively 37.3%, 18.0 μm, 30.6%, 87.7 °/mm and 46.0 mm for Bactrians; 29.1%, 21.2 μm, 30.3%, 78.2 °/mm and 52.7 mm for dromedaries; and 42.7%, 17.9 μm, 29.5%, 89.9 °/mm and 47.2 mm for hybrids. Significant age by species interaction was detected for all traits. Overall, Bactrian camels had higher CY, lower MFD, higher Curv and lower SL than dromedaries (P < 0.05). The geographical locations significantly differentiated CY and Curv but not the other traits; thus, for the locations studied little could be gained by looking into location variability when planning genetic improvement programs. There were no significant sex differences for all the studied traits, whereas significant differences due to the color of the coat were found only for Curv. The residual phenotypic correlations among CY, MFD and Curv were all high and would be favorable for selection purposes. Likewise, the residual phenotypic correlations between each of these variables with SL would be unfavorable if selection targets an increased SL. The study detected heterogeneity for most fiber quality traits, suggesting that a base is in place for fiber quality improvement.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesseng
dc.sourceSmall ruminant research 117 (1) : 58-65. (March 2014)eng
dc.subjectFibras de Origen Animales_AR
dc.subjectAnimal Fibreseng
dc.subjectCamelidaees_AR
dc.subjectCamelus
dc.subject.otherKazakhstan
dc.subject.otherUzbekistan
dc.titleCharacterization of camel fibers in regions of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistaneng
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleeng
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersioneng
dc.description.filFil: Iñiguez, Luis. International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas; Siria
dc.description.filFil: Mueller, Joaquin Pablo. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche; Argentina
dc.description.filFil: Ombayev, A. Kazakh Research Institute of Livestock and Forage Production; Kazakhstan
dc.description.filFil: Aryngaziyev, S. Kazakh Research Institute of Livestock and Forage Production; Kazakhstan
dc.description.filFil: Yusupov, S. Karakul Sheep Breeding and Desert Ecology Research Institute; Uzbekistan
dc.description.filFil: Ibragimov, A. Karakul Sheep Breeding and Desert Ecology Research Institute; Uzbekistan
dc.description.filFil: Suleimenov, M. International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas; Siria
dc.description.filFil: El-Dine Hilali, M. International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas; Jordania
dc.subtypecientifico


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