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Abstract
In recent years, the advantageous traits of three new loquat cultivars have drawn the attention of breeders and growers. All three have spontaneously arisen from the ‘Algerie’ cultivar: the new ‘Xirlero’ cultivar is a bud mutant of ‘Algerie’, while ‘Amadeo’ and ‘Raúl’ arose as chance seedlings. Following a non-targeted approach based on HS-SPME-GC–MS, the volatile compounds profile of the fruits from the new cultivars were obtained and compared to the [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorBesada, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorSanchez, Gerardo
dc.contributor.authorGil, R.
dc.contributor.authorGranell, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorSalvador, A.
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-13T15:07:44Z
dc.date.available2017-10-13T15:07:44Z
dc.date.issued2017-10
dc.identifier.issn0963-9969
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.06.068
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/1491
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996917303174?via%3Dihub
dc.description.abstractIn recent years, the advantageous traits of three new loquat cultivars have drawn the attention of breeders and growers. All three have spontaneously arisen from the ‘Algerie’ cultivar: the new ‘Xirlero’ cultivar is a bud mutant of ‘Algerie’, while ‘Amadeo’ and ‘Raúl’ arose as chance seedlings. Following a non-targeted approach based on HS-SPME-GC–MS, the volatile compounds profile of the fruits from the new cultivars were obtained and compared to the original ‘Algerie’ cultivar. Carboxylic acids clearly dominated the volatile profile of all the loquat cultivars, but esters, aldehydes, ketones and alcohols were also predominant compounds. Interestingly when the bud mutant event did not lead to marked changes in the volatile compounds complement, pronounced changes in the volatile composition of chance seedling-generated cultivars ‘Amadeo’ and ‘Raúl’ were observed. ‘Amadeo’ fruits showed lower levels of 2-methyl butanoic acid and much higher levels of methylhexanoate, methylbutanoate and 2-hydroxy-5-methylacetophenone. The ‘Raúl’ cultivar also had a distinctive volatile profile characterised by high levels of C6-aldehydes, (E)-2-hexanal, 2-hexenal, (Z)-3-hexenal and hexanal, and several carotenoid-derived volatiles; e.g. 2-pentene-1,4-dione 1-(1,2,2-trimethylcyclopentyl), (S)-dihydroactinidiolide, isodurene, cis-geranyl acetone, β-damascenone, β-ionone, α-ionone and 3,4-dehydro-β-ionone. These changes in volatiles were associated with a more intense flavour in cultivars ‘Amadeo’ and ‘Raúl’, according to the sensory evaluation of the flavour intensity carried out by a semi-trained panel. A metabolomic correlation network analysis provided insights as to how volatiles were regulated, and revealed that the compounds modified in ‘Amadeo’ were uncoupled from the rest of the volatilome, while the volatiles modified in ‘Raul’ changed according to specific groups. To conclude, this work provides a holistic view of how the loquat volatilome was affected, and this information was integrated with the physical-chemical-sensory attributes to understand the changes that occur in the new cultivars.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesseng
dc.sourceFood research international 100 (1) : 234-243. (October 2017)
dc.subjectNíspero (Eriobotrya)
dc.subjectLoquatseng
dc.subjectCompuesto Volátil
dc.subjectVolatile Compoundseng
dc.subjectVariedades
dc.subjectVarietieseng
dc.subjectMetabolitos
dc.subjectMetaboliteseng
dc.titleVolatile metabolite profiling reveals the changes in the volatile compounds of new spontaneously generated loquat cultivarseng
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articleeng
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículo
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersioneng
dc.description.origenEEA San Pedro
dc.gic154908
dc.description.filFil: Besada, Cristina. Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias; España
dc.description.filFil: Sanchez, Gerardo. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria San Pedro; Argentina
dc.description.filFil: Gil, R. Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias; España
dc.description.filFil: Granell, Antonio. Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Plantas; España
dc.description.filFil: Salvador, A. Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias; España
dc.subtypecientifico


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