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resumen

Abstract
Although pastoral systems make a significant contribution to food security, they are also pointed out as being responsible for substantial environmental impact. Ecological intensification through process- rather than inputbased technologies has been proposed as a means to achieve economic, environmental, and social win-win situations. We studied structural diversity, technology adoption, farmer´s strategies, and functional attributes (productivity, [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorHara, Sofia Maria
dc.contributor.authorFaverin, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorVillagra, Edgar Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorEasdale, Marcos Horacio
dc.contributor.authorTittonell, Pablo Adrian
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-14T11:54:46Z
dc.date.available2022-02-14T11:54:46Z
dc.date.issued2022-02
dc.identifier.issn0167-8809
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2021.107704
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/11135
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167880921004084
dc.description.abstractAlthough pastoral systems make a significant contribution to food security, they are also pointed out as being responsible for substantial environmental impact. Ecological intensification through process- rather than inputbased technologies has been proposed as a means to achieve economic, environmental, and social win-win situations. We studied structural diversity, technology adoption, farmer´s strategies, and functional attributes (productivity, reproductive efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions, diversification, and self-sufficiency) of pastoral systems in North Patagonia based on interviews of 70 farms with the following objectives: (a) to analyze farm structural characteristics as drivers of technology adoption for ecological intensification, (b) to describe their association with farmers´livelihood strategies, and (c) to explore trade-offs and synergies among functional attributes. An ongoing ecological intensification was revealed based on the adoption of technologies towards animal´s welfare, survival, and overall systems´efficiency, on-farm produced feed (self-sufficiency), and product diversification, promoting nutrient re-cycling within farm boundaries. Four farm types were differentiated by their access to information exchange channels, which together with labor characteristics determined technology adoption and farmers´ strategies. The main strategy of family farms that exhibited low to no hired labor, and intermediate to low access to information, was the diversification of products or incomes. Larger farms, with hired labor and access to information exchange channels, had an entrepreneurial strategy towards increasing production efficiencies. Enteric emission intensity per unit product and area exhibited significant trade-offs with meat production (Spearman ρ = 0.87; Y = 0.459 X + 0.352; R2 = 0.95), and synergies with reproduction efficiency (Spearman ρ = 0.51; Y = 0.013 X + 1.612; R2 = 0.28), respectively. Improving individual animal production instead of per unit area is encouraged to prevent overgrazing and land degradation, searching for win-win’s between emission mitigation and livestock production.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherElsevieres_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceAgriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 324 : Art. 107704 (Febrero 2022)es_AR
dc.subjectSostenibilidades_AR
dc.subjectSustainabilityeng
dc.subjectPastoralismoes_AR
dc.subjectPastoralismeng
dc.subjectGanado Bovinoes_AR
dc.subjectCattleeng
dc.subjectGanadería Extensivaes_AR
dc.subjectExtensive Husbandryeng
dc.subject.otherRegión Patagónicaes_AR
dc.titleExploring drivers and levels of technology adoption for ecological intensification of pastoral systems in north Patagonia drylandses_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEstación Experimental Agropecuaria Barilochees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Hara, Sofia Maria. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (INTA). Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Hara, Sofia Maria. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Faverin, Claudia. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (INTA). Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Faverin, Claudia. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Villagra, Edgar Sebastian. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (INTA). Estacion Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Area Produccion Animal; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Villagra, Edgar Sebastian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Easdale, Marcos Horacio. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche. Área Desarrollo Rural; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Easdale, Marcos Horacio. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Tittonell, Pablo Adrian. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Tittonell, Pablo Adrian. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas. Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales y Agropecuarias Bariloche; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Tittonell, Pablo Adrian. Groningen University. Groningen Institute of Evolutionary Life Sciences; Holandaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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