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Abstract
Orchardists are adopting hedgerow systems of many horticultural tree crops to benefit from early and higher yield and to facilitate mechanical pruning and harvesting for more timely management at lower cost. In the case of olive, guidance in orchard design is available for the dimensions (height and width), spacing and porosity of hedgerows of the dominant super-high density (SHD) design but less so for hedgerow orientation. An analysis is presented of [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorGómez del Campo, María
dc.contributor.authorTrentacoste, Eduardo Rafael
dc.contributor.authorConnor, David J.
dc.date.accessioned2022-04-01T17:34:39Z
dc.date.available2022-04-01T17:34:39Z
dc.date.issued2022-02
dc.identifier.issn0304-4238
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2021.110770
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/11542
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0304423821008773
dc.description.abstractOrchardists are adopting hedgerow systems of many horticultural tree crops to benefit from early and higher yield and to facilitate mechanical pruning and harvesting for more timely management at lower cost. In the case of olive, guidance in orchard design is available for the dimensions (height and width), spacing and porosity of hedgerows of the dominant super-high density (SHD) design but less so for hedgerow orientation. An analysis is presented of oil yield and its components of four olive hedgerows orchards (N–S, E–W, NE–SW and NW–SE) maintained at optimum dimensions during 7 years from the third year after planting. Oil yield was highly variable from year to year in a range 1.7–3.6 t oil/ha but average yield of NE–SW, although not different from NW–SE and N–S, was significantly greater than E–W by 12%. Yield of NE–SW exceeded those of other orientations in two of the seven years of observation by increase in fruit number without effect on fruit size or oil concentration. Analysis of the impact of orientation on yield excludes annual interception of solar radiation as an explanation because NE–SW has similar interception to NW–SE and N–S but greater yield. This identifies the importance of seasonal, and possibly diurnal, differences in radiation interception and associated microclimatic factors of temperature, VPD and water stress. In olive, determination of fruit number is a long stepwise process that commences in autumn with bud initiation and continues with bud formation, flowering, fruit set and fruit fall in the following spring. Concentration of effort on the role of orchard design and management in determination of fruit number emerges as the most useful step in unraveling the role of hedgerow orientation and yield variability in olive production systems.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherElsevieres_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceScientia Horticulturae 294 : 110770 (February 2022)es_AR
dc.subjectOlea Europaeaes_AR
dc.subjectVariedadeses_AR
dc.subjectVarietieseng
dc.subjectRendimientoes_AR
dc.subjectYieldseng
dc.subjectAceite de Olivaes_AR
dc.subjectOlive Oileng
dc.subjectHuerto Frutales_AR
dc.subjectOrchardseng
dc.subjectEspaciamientoes_AR
dc.subjectSpacingeng
dc.subject.otherOlivoes_AR
dc.subject.otherVariedad Arbequinaes_AR
dc.titleLong-term effects of row orientation on oil yield and oil yield components of hedgerow olive orchards cv. Arbequinaes_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Junínes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Gómez del Campo, María. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Departamento de Producción Agraria; Españaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Trentacoste, Eduardo Rafael. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Junín; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Connor, David J. University of Melbourne. School of Agriculture and Food; Australiaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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