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Abstract
The Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, is an important species in providing honey and pollination services globally. The mite Varroa destructor is the major threat to A. mellifera, and it is associated with the severe colony winter mortality reported in recent decades. However, Varroa mite tolerant or resistant populations of A. mellifera have been detected around the world. A proposed mechanism responsible for limiting mite population growth in the [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorRusso, Romina Maria
dc.contributor.authorLiendo, María Clara
dc.contributor.authorLandi, Lucas
dc.contributor.authorPietronave, Hernan Pablo
dc.contributor.authorMerke, Julieta
dc.contributor.authorFain, Hernan Carlos
dc.contributor.authorMuntaabski, Irina
dc.contributor.authorPalacio, María Alejandra
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez, Graciela Adriana
dc.contributor.authorLanzavecchia, Silvia Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorScannapieco, Alejandra Carla
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-14T15:59:52Z
dc.date.available2020-12-14T15:59:52Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-22
dc.identifier.issn2296-701X
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.590281
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2020.590281/full
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/8415
dc.description.abstractThe Western honey bee, Apis mellifera, is an important species in providing honey and pollination services globally. The mite Varroa destructor is the major threat to A. mellifera, and it is associated with the severe colony winter mortality reported in recent decades. However, Varroa mite tolerant or resistant populations of A. mellifera have been detected around the world. A proposed mechanism responsible for limiting mite population growth in the colonies is grooming behavior, the physical removal and injury of mites from the adult bee bodies by individual workers or by their nest-mates. This behavioral strategy has been poorly studied in V. destructor-resistant colonies worldwide, especially in honey bee populations of European origin. In Argentina, honey bee stocks showing survival without mite treatment have been reported. In the present study, European-derived A. mellifera populations established in the Transition Chaco eco-region (Santa Fe province), with a subtropical climate, were characterized at the colony level. A honey bee stock showing natural Varroa-resistance (M) was compared to a Varroa-susceptible stock (C) for parameters of colony status (colony strength, percentage of Varroa infestation in adults and brood, hygienic behavior) and for indirect measures of grooming (percentage of fallen mites and damaged mites). M colonies showed lower phoretic and brood infestation and higher hygienic behavior in early autumn, and higher survival and population strength after wintering, in comparison with C colonies. The mean percentages of fallen mites and of damaged mites, and the injury to mites were higher in M than in C colonies. Our results suggest that, by modulating the parasitization dynamics in colonies, grooming behavior would be associated with the higher survival of Varroa-resistant stock. This study sheds light on how honey bee colonies can adaptively respond to mite pressure by modeling their behavior to resist Varroosis and provides evidence for grooming as an emerging factor evolving by natural selection. Percentage of damaged mites appears to be a reliable measure to enhance this behavior in honey bee colonies by selective breeding. Finally, the importance of improving and protecting locally adapted honey bee populations with natural Varroa resistance for regional apiculture is discussed.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaes_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_AR
dc.sourceFrontiers in Ecology and Evolution 8 : 590281 (2020)es_AR
dc.subjectAbeja Melíferaes_AR
dc.subjectHoney Beeseng
dc.subjectColonia de Abejases_AR
dc.subjectBee Colonieseng
dc.subjectApiculturaes_AR
dc.subjectApilcultureeng
dc.subjectVarroa Destructores_AR
dc.subjectComportamiento Animales_AR
dc.subjectAnimal Behavioureng
dc.subjectIncubación de Abejases_AR
dc.subjectBee Broodseng
dc.subjectArgentinaes_AR
dc.titleGrooming Behavior in Naturally Varroa-Resistant Apis mellifera Colonies From North-Central Argentinaes_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Balcarcees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Russo, Romina María. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Genética; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Liendo, María Clara. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Genética; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Landi, Lucas. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Recursos Biológicos; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Pietronave, Hernán Pablo. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Reconquista; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Merke, Julieta. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Rafaela; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Fain: Hernán Carlos. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Reconquista; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Muntaabski, Irina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Genética; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Palacio, María Alejandra. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias; Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Rodriguez, Graciela Adriana. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Asscasubi; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Lanzavecchia; Silvia Beatriz. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Genética; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Scannapieco, Alejandra Carla. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Instituto de Genética; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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