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Abstract
Assessments of the role that small (<500 km2) protected areas play in conservation of large carnivores in landscapes where the species are persecuted are scarce. Using camera-trap sampling we estimated puma (Puma concolor) population abundance, site use intensity, and relative abundance of prey in Lihué Calel National Park (320 km2) and two neighboring livestock ranches in central Argentina. We concurrently assessed rancher attitudes towards puma in [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Javier Adolfo
dc.contributor.authorThompson, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.authorDi Bitetti, Mario S.
dc.contributor.authorFracassi, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorPaviolo, Agustín
dc.contributor.authorFameli, Alberto F.
dc.contributor.authorNovaro, Andrés J.
dc.dateinfo:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2022-06-09
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-09T12:29:15Z
dc.date.available2020-06-09T12:29:15Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.issn1617-1381
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125846
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/7379
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1617138120300923
dc.description.abstractAssessments of the role that small (<500 km2) protected areas play in conservation of large carnivores in landscapes where the species are persecuted are scarce. Using camera-trap sampling we estimated puma (Puma concolor) population abundance, site use intensity, and relative abundance of prey in Lihué Calel National Park (320 km2) and two neighboring livestock ranches in central Argentina. We concurrently assessed rancher attitudes towards puma in relation to livestock predation by this carnivore and retaliation by ranchers in the ranching landscape surrounding the protected area. At least 3-8 adult pumas were recorded within the park while no individuals were detected on private ranchland. Site abundance within the park was positively related to the distance from the park boundary. The overall prey base inside and outside the park was similar. Sixteen out of 17 ranchers reported livestock losses due to puma predation and 76% of ranchers employed lethal control of carnivores to avoid livestock losses, resulting in 16 pumas killed during 2007-2009 in the surveyed ranches. The avoidance by pumas of the park´s border, the absence of puma detections on ranches, the similar prey availability inside and outside the park, and the positive association between rancher’s negative perceptions and persecution of pumas suggests that puma occurrence is depressed in ranchlands as a result of human-induced mortality. Our results demonstrate how small protected areas can play a role in maintaining large carnivores within productive landscapes despite harsh persecution. We emphasize the positive role of ranches that do not persecute pumas and the need to facilitate the coexistence between puma and people for the long term conservation of this felid in ranching landscapes.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherElsevieres_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceJournal for Nature Conservation : 125846 (Available online 22 May 2020)es_AR
dc.subjectAnimales Carnívoroses_AR
dc.subjectCarnivorous Animalseng
dc.subjectZonas Protegidases_AR
dc.subjectProtected Areaseng
dc.subjectDinámica de Poblacioneses_AR
dc.subjectPopulation Dynamicseng
dc.subject.otherPumaes_AR
dc.titleA small protected area facilitates persistence of a large carnivore in a ranching landscapees_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Delta del Paranáes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Pereira, Javier Adolfo. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Thompson, Jeffrey. Guyra Paraguay – CONACYT; Paraguayes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Di Bitetti, Mario S. Universidad Nacional de Misiones. Instituto de Biología Subtropical. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología Subtropical; Argentina. Asociación Civil Centro de Investigaciones del Bosque Atlántico (CeIBA); Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Misiones. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Fracassi, Natalia. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Delta del Paraná; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Paviolo, Agustín. Universidad Nacional de Misiones. Instituto de Biología Subtropical. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Biología Subtropical; Argentina. Asociación Civil Centro de Investigaciones del Bosque Atlántico (CeIBA); Argentina.es_AR
dc.description.filFil: Fameli, Alberto F. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Parque Centenario. Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Novaro, Andrés J. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Instituto de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente (INIBIOMA).Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Instituto de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente (INIBIOMA). Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Neuquén; Argentina. Wildlife Conservation Society; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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