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The system of industrial agriculture (IA), often implemented on a large scale and with high dependence on the supplies use, is reducing the soil organic matter (SOM) and increasing the glyphosate presence in the environment. An alternative approach to IA is agroecologywhich takes greater advantage of natural processes and beneficial on-farm interactions in order to reduce off-farm input use and to improve the efficiency of farming systems. In this study, [ver mas...]
dc.contributor.authorAparicio, Virginia Carolina
dc.contributor.authorZamora, Martin Sergio
dc.contributor.authorBarbera, Agustin
dc.contributor.authorCastro Franco, Mauricio
dc.contributor.authorDomenech, Marisa Beatriz
dc.contributor.authorDe Geronimo, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Jose Luis
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-26T13:46:29Z
dc.date.available2018-10-26T13:46:29Z
dc.date.issued2018-09-22
dc.identifier.issn0308-521X
dc.identifier.otherhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2018.09.005
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308521X17310454
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12123/3719
dc.description.abstractThe system of industrial agriculture (IA), often implemented on a large scale and with high dependence on the supplies use, is reducing the soil organic matter (SOM) and increasing the glyphosate presence in the environment. An alternative approach to IA is agroecologywhich takes greater advantage of natural processes and beneficial on-farm interactions in order to reduce off-farm input use and to improve the efficiency of farming systems. In this study, a transition agroecological system (AT) is the alternative of the IA. Our objectives were: (i) to compare the agronomic productivity between AT and IA systems, (ii) to determine the effect of management practices on soil quality indicators such as soil organic matter content (SOM), soil bulk density, change in the weighted mean diameter (CMWD) and glyphosate and aminomethyl phosphonic acid (AMPA) concentration and (iii) to compare the economic results through a multi-temporal economic analysis between AT and IA systems. The soil sampling was carried out per soil-specific zones, delimited from apparent soil electrical conductivity (ECa) and elevation. Samples were taken at 0 to 2, 2 to 5, 5 to 10, 10 to 20, 20 to 30 and 30 to 40 cm of depth to determine the SOM content, the glyphosate concentration and main glyphosate metabolite, AMPA. Besides, the bulk density (δa) and CWMD were determined. The δa was lower in AT with respect to IA, both under no tillage (NT). No significant differences were found for CWMD between AT and IA systems, although a tendency to a lower value in AT system was observed. If we consider the percentage of organic matter as carbon matter per hectare, this means that in 6.5 years increase 540 kg ha−1 at 0 to 40 cm depth. The SOM content increased from 4,9 to 5,6% in AT with respect to IA. The content of glyphosate + AMPA at the first 40 cm was 0.06 kg ha−1 in the AT and 0.84 kg ha−1 in the IA system. In the AT system, the gross margin accumulated during 6.5 years, increased 244% with respect to IA. These results suggest that the AT system proposed could be applicable in extensive productions with temperate climates without interfering with the livelihood of the agricultural producers and it allows an improvement in soil conditions. It is important to carry out further studies in order to confirm the benefits of the AT system in other edaphic-climatic conditions, integrating productive, economic and environmental aspects.eng
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_AR
dc.language.isoenges_AR
dc.publisherScienceDirectes_AR
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccesses_AR
dc.sourceAgricultural Systems 167 :103-112 (2018)es_AR
dc.subjectAgroecologíaes_AR
dc.subjectAgroecologyeng
dc.subjectFísica del Sueloes_AR
dc.subjectSoil Physicseng
dc.subjectPlaguicidases_AR
dc.subjectPesticideseng
dc.subjectCromatografíaes_AR
dc.subjectChromatographyeng
dc.titleIndustrial agriculture and agroecological transition systems: A comparative analysis of productivity results, organic matter and glyphosate in soiles_AR
dc.typeinfo:ar-repo/semantics/artículoes_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_AR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersiones_AR
dc.description.origenEEA Balcarcees_AR
dc.description.filFil: Aparicio, V. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Zamora, Martín. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Barrow; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Barbera, Agustín. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Barrow; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Castro Franco, Mauricio. Centro de Investigación de la Caña de Azúcar de Colombia, Colombiaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Domenech, Marisa. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Barrow; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: De Gerónimo, Eduardo. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentinaes_AR
dc.description.filFil: Costa, José Luis. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce; Argentinaes_AR
dc.subtypecientifico


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